A reluctant locality

February 4th 2013

In 2005 I was living in a squatter settlement in Santo Domingo for my doctoral research. I asked one of my neighbours for advice about a community survey I was designing. He took issue with one particular question I had framed: "Would you move away from La Ciénaga if you had the opportunity?"

My neighbour argued that this question was redundant, because every single resident would answer "yes." If they answered "no" they would be lying, because no sane person would choose to reside in La Ciénaga voluntarily.

My neighbour was not far off the truth. When I collated the results of the survey, 96 percent of the 300 respondents reported that they would leave La Ciénaga if they had a choice. Who, they argued, would want to live in a barrio marginado (marginalized neighborhood) characterised by delinquency, pollution and poor housing?

Is poverty a state of mind?

January 24th 2013

What is the psychology of poverty? This question has been a contentious one in anthropology, particularly during the last half a century. In La Vida (1966), a study of poor Puerto Rican families, Oscar Lewis argued that poverty produces certain psychological traits and social behaviours that become enculturated.

His ideas caused an uproar because they were widely interpreted to imply that so-called poor people are not capable of escaping poverty. Critics lamented that his book was being misappropriated by the U.S. Government to implement paternalistic, “blame the victim” policies among poor African-American communities that stripped them of their agency, treating them like hopeless cases that needed to be disciplined rather than assisted.

University, Inc.: Striking fear into the heart of academics

January 18th 2013

Where will the corporatization of universities lead us, and what can be done about it? These questions are discussed in Issue 16 of Anthropologies, The Neoliberalized, Debt-plagued, Low Wage, Corporatized University. Published yesterday, it includes eight short articles, beginning with an introduction by editor Ryan Anderson questioning what happens to higher education when it's driven by profit.

Following on from a high-impact post on Analog / Digital last November, Francine Barone discusses the often personal – and nasty – environments within universities in her contribution, Fear and Loathing in Academia, stating that "Such problems within academia are repairable if enough people demand it. The power-holders can start by adjusting their own behavior."

¡Crisis is coming! Politics versus apocalypse in Santo Domingo

January 4th 2013

Santo Domingo's barrios are dominated by two religions that take fundamentally different approaches to social change. The first approach, espoused by the Jesuits, is to transform the barrios into ideal modern communities through widening streets, demolishing shacks, creating parks and providing services.

The second approach, more the concern of Pentecostal practitioners, subordinates social change to the end of the entire material world through the second coming of Christ. Both of these visions make their mark on the material environment of the barrio.